Active Flying

Active flying in paragliding used to keep the wing inflated and stable above … I’m writing some scenarios for visualization practice.  

CANOPY GOES BACK 
– Hands up, release brakes 
– Angle of attack has increased, canopy is closer to stalling 
– applying speed bar can also lower pitch

CANOPY GOES FORWARD
– Pull brakes, get out of dive (sometimes large rapid brake, jab down)
– angle attack is decreasing, risk of collapse 
– feel drop in pressure hands should instinctively plummet with brake line

BRAKE GOING SLACK
– pressure inside wing is going down, may collapse
– short hard stab on the brakes 

THERMAL LIFTS ONE WING
–  brake the lifted side, lean that way
– bum shifts toward lifted riser 
– maintain direction, watch horizon 

ASSYMETRIC DEFLATION
– weight shift hard, and opposite brake
– pump it out (one large pump)
– get aggressive if needed to avoid spiral 

* FRONTAL COLLAPSE
– hands up!
– if needed big breaks bang down then quick back up to open the nose, stop tips coming forward
– release speed bar

TURBULENT RATTY AIR
– let off speed bar
– add light brakes, maybe 10%, to feel the wing
– look at horizon, prepare to react immediately
– leave area, go elsewhere, get away from the ground

FLYING SLOWLY IN TURN, INSIDE WING GOES SLACK
– let up inside brake, chances are you are close to spinning

SPIRAL 
– come out slowly in same turn direction 
– pull both brakes to slow glider down, more counter brake
– can get disoriented, watch inner wing, and horizon 
* exit can take a lot of altitude, throw immediately if starting spiral low

CAN’T PENETRATE FORWARD
– hands up, speed bar
– monitor gps ground speed
– crab out of venturi if in one

CLOUD SUCK
– apply big ears – 1st
– speed bar to move forward -2nd
– spiral dive (worst case)

HIGH WING LANDING
– landing hold rear risers at strings (no speedbar)
– land crouched legs bent
– spring up reverse and kill wing
– alternative:  A risers and opposite brake … go deep, turn and run 

TIPS COMING FORWARD
– quick brakes bang to bring tips back

SURGE ENTERING THERMAL, WING GOES BACK
– hands up to trim (to avoid high angle of attack, stall)

THERMALLING, ENTER SPIN 
– hands up quick! let off brakes
– eyes on horizon
– some quick opposite brake
– prepare for surge

THERMAL EXIT OVER FALLS, WING SURGES FORWARD 
–  Pull brakes (quick action), get out of dive
– angle attack is decreasing, risk of collapse, be aggressive
– goal is to prevent frontal collapse
– note: skill to sense how severe surge is, and acting immediately

KITING BACKWARDS, LIFTED IN AIR
– Grab rear risers (hands up) and fly it backwards
– when landed, kill glider with rears
– if still going up, use risers to twist forward

LOW TO GROUND COLLAPSE
– throw immediately if wing is in bad shape
– when in doubt, there is no doubt, throw 
– have height to throw in mind (anything below 300’)

CRAVATTE 
– immediately shift away and counter steer, watch horizon
– try brake, and trapped lines
– then try stabilo line, pull down 
– full stall is a last resort, if really high 

LINES GOING SLACK
– low angle of attack due to turbulence
– quick brake input to find tension

SCRATCHING NEAR TERRAIN 
– don’t scratch, stay high

WINDS >10mph
– don’t fly

FULL STALL
– find backfly position
– release brakes slowly while watching horizon
– keep symmetrical on brakes and weight
– prepare to brake the surge

LINE TWIST
– push risers apart above twist
– even brakes 

PARACHUTAL STALL
– hands up
– prepare to brake the surge

SINK ALARM, VARIO CRAZY DOWN
– speed bar
– hands up, fly out of it

GLIDER CASCADED, CONFUSED 
– ball up – 30% brake (hands up) and count to 5

HIGH WIND TAKEOFF
– go to the front of the hill, down
– built a neat wall (As/Rears)
– wing up gently, let the wind do it 
– run toward it as it rises up
– if it comes up wonky or too fast, kill it
– turn smartly to face front
– brakes full up once flying (to move forward)
– careful venturi behind hill
– practice practice in breezy conditions

COMING IN TO TURBULENT LANDING BEHIND TREES
– legs down early
– don’t stall, only gentle break pressure
– watch horizon/spot, prepare to react

LAUNCHING IN THERMAL CONDITIONS
– fly out, get high, away from ridge
– don’t scratch in thermal conditions

DOWNWIND LANDING
– try to turn 90 degree+
– flair and legs up harness slide on grassy field
– running PLF

FLYING DEEP IN THE BRAKES
– don’t, keep hands up, light in the brakes

LAUNCHING
B-A-S-I-C
B: buckles legs to chin
A: A risers, left over right
S: speed bar hookup, velcro undone
I:  instruments ready
C: chute, check velcro